Here is an article on Tok Pisin: "The National Language of Papua New Guinea" located at http://www.siu.edu/departments/cola/ling/reports/Etepa/ -- Prepared and written by Edward Etepa. Here is a paragraph from the article.
The historical beginning of Tok Pisin can be traced in the early 18th century; however, it does not appear fully formed until mid 1885. Its genesis was the result of a gradually stabilizing and expanding contact language which went through the following stages of development: jargon stage, to stable pidgin, expanded pidgin, followed by creolization on the notion of the pidgin/creole life cycle. The history of Tok Pisin is complex, recent research by numerous pidgin/creole linguists have shown that it would be an oversimplification of the situation to suggest that Tok Pisin represents a direct linear descendant of Pacific Jargon English which developed in several varieties in various parts of the South Pacific before the middle of the 19th century as a result of contacts between Europeans and South Sea islanders.
Jimmy Harlindong, who looks after various websites about Papua New Guinea, has announced that he has readied his Pidgin / English / Motu dictionary website located at http://www.pngbd.com/dictionary.php to a stage where it can be used. It allows the user to lookup the meaning of words in all directions. Of course, like any web site, it will never be finished so if you have some words to add or alterations that need to be done then let me know and I will pass them on to Jimmy. Jimmy has also said that he now has the latest Air Niugini flight schedule on line as well.
The diversionoz web page, with dive information on PNG, has been completely revised and can be found at http://diversionoz.com/en/png.htm
Quoting from the web page
PNG is a dream of divers. Crystal clear waters, "paradise islands", and mountain ridges covered with thick rainforests or spectacular volcanoes provide an exclusive setting for the best dive vacations imaginable.
Links / Sites to visit
http://www.art-pacific.com - Collectors of New Guinea art in the field since 1965.
http://tribal-artifacts.com - Collector quality art from Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya, and the Solomon Islands.
http://www.bdw.com.pg -- Blake Dawson and Waldron, Lawyers
http://www.tufitelita.com/index.html - This website looks after the interests of the Tufi Dive Resort and Telita Cruises.
Tufi is located on the other side of the island to Port Moresby. Quoting from the website -- Tufi is located on the northern side of the mainland of Papua New Guinea and approximately 250 kilometres due east of the capital, Port Moresby. It lies between Lae and Alotau on the tip of Cape Nelson in Oro Province and it is accessible only by sea and air.
http://www.fallingrain.com/air/cache/geo/PP/icao.C.html -- This is a list of Airports, Heliports, and Weather stations in Papua New Guinea of quality C sorted by International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) order.
http://www.pngtours.com -- is the website of TRANS NIUGINI TOURS, one of the leading inbound tour operator in Papua New Guinea. In addition to being an inbound tour operator they also own and operate a series of world famous Wilderness Lodges in PNG. They own and operate their own mini coaches in Port Moresby, the Highlands and Madang. They operate their own boats on the Sepik River and in Madang. They also have their own aircraft, which link the various lodges owned by the company. Take a look at the website and learn a bit more about the tourist side of PNG.
Larry Santana's PNG art pages are located at http://www.santartgal.com.pg
http://www.adventure-center.com/png.htm Adventure Centre
An early morning, dawn service at the Bomana War Cemetery, starting at 5:40am on the 25th of April, will be held to commemorate ANZAC day. The service will be followed by a gunfire breakfast at the Australian High Commission.
A 17-member group of volunteers has erected a shelter over a 25-pound field gun that they brought all the way from Australia to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Kokoda Trail and World War II. The celebrations may, however, be in jeopardy due to the extremely poor condition of the road leading into Owers Corner from the Sogeri road. The truck carrying the field gun managed to get bogged and a local tractor was needed to tow the truck out. The celebrations will be held from July to November this year.
Port Moresby Hospital
The Port Moresby General Hospital is in crisis once again. This time it is, as always, a lack of money causing a shortage of medical supplies. The operating theatre has been restricted to doing emergency work only and it looks as if this will have to stop as well if funding is not found. People have been warned that if they have accidents they may not be able to be treated.
Mount Hagen Hospital
It is not only the Port Moresby Hospital that is in trouble but also the Western Highlands province is suffering a serious shortage of medical drugs and supplies, resulting in the deaths of 100 children since January. It has been reported that the situation is so acute that maybe two to three children are dying daily in the province.
Included in the daily death toll are children seriously infected by a measles outbreak, which has claimed the lives of 30 children so far.
Visiting swimming coach Ian Finlay has held a coaching clinic for coaches held at the Murray International School. The course attracted 40 participants from clubs in National Capital, the Bomana Police College, the Defence Force, Cheshire Homes and the Sport Commission. Finlay is also conducting similar courses in Lae and Goroka.
It is hoped that the coaching clinic will help to boost and promote the code of swimming in PNG.
A swimming coach from Queensland Australia has said that swimming in PNG is developing with swimmers like Ryan Pini and Ben Wells doing well at the recent Australian championships. The appearance of these two has generated a curiosity of what is coming out of PNG and the sort of mark they are going to make at the Commonwealth Games in July/August.
One of the questions that I get asked frequently is - "what sort of television do you watch?"
I'll list some of the stations that we are able to receive. Along with our local TV station EmTV (http://www.emtv.com.pg) we also have access to several satellite broadcasters such as
- National Geographic
- Star Movies
- Star World
- Star Sports
- Country Music
- Cartoon Channel
- Discovery Channel
- Australian Channels (ABC, GWN, SBS, Central)
Some people have access to other channels and still we can't find anything decent to watch.
For more information please pay a visit to http://www.hitron.com.pg who offer microwave and cable redistribution of satellite services.
Gerehu Community School
A community school at Gerehu has had a new block of classrooms opened by the Prime Minister and the National Capital District Commission. The double story block contains six classrooms and is valued at K500,000 with an expected lifespan of 50 to 60 years.
This newsletter has been sent out using the List Merge (listmrg.cgi) script by Ron F Woolley of Melbourne, Australia. I obtained the script from http://www.dtp-aus.com website. Ron also has other scripts such as a Visitors Book, Graphic, and plain text counters etc. His scripts, as he mentions many times over in his documentation, are not for the beginning perl script installer but for "intermediate" level experienced CGI installers but then again if I can do it then it mustn't be too hard!
Dame Rachel Cleland
Dame Rachel Cleland has died at the age of 96. She was the wife of former Papua New Guinea Administrator Sir Donald Cleland who died in 1975. Dame Rachel took a particular interest in the role of women in society, and was an active promoter of the Girl Guide movement and a supporter of young women students.
Can anyone tell me what happened to the piranha type (PAKU) fish discovered in the Sepik?
Who remembers one of the key players in the "Fine Cotton / PelAir Affair? I see that the bookmaker in Australia who was at the centre of the problem is back in the news again.
Sometimes in PNG it seems that there are 109 political parties. With the coming elections the electoral commissioner has given all political parties 2 weeks to submit a list of candidates that they are supporting. It has been reported that some candidates are supported by more than one party. If that is the case the electoral commissioner will classify the candidate as an independent.
The Chinese Ambassador to PNG has announced that the Chinese government will give K20,000 to fund a study of the 2002 elections. The money will help the National Research Institute to research, observe and analyse the elections.
BBC Radio Service
Two readers (thanks David and Terry) have reminded me that the BBC world service is being relayed on FM station 106.7 in Port Moresby.
The New Guinea Singing Dog (NGSD) was discovered by the outside world in 1957 when the first pair was brought down from the New Guinea Highlands to the Taronga Zoo. Sidney, Australia. http://www.canineworld.com/ngsdcs/
Koki Road works
It is hoped that the road works, which have been going on for over a year, at Koki will be finished in June. Most of the major work is done with the contractor waiting for fine weather to lay the bitumen. The new road will allow for two lanes in each direction from Koki to Ela Beach on what used to be the one-way two-lane road into town along the waters edge.
MV Golden Dawn
http://www.mvgoldendawn.com/ -- Diving PNG on the elegant live aboard MV Golden Dawn offers the finest dive sites and diving in Papua New Guinea. PNG dive itineraries include the Eastern fields in the Coral Sea, Milne Bay and Northern PNG, Wewak. Wreck diving and technical diving opportunities abound with nitrox and rebreathers aboard.
A tender has been advertised for the supply of a three hull and a four hull traditional lakatoi (lagatoi) canoes for the Hiri Moale Festival to be held during the Independence celebrations in Port Moresby.
Foreign Journalists from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) have been hammered by the Prime Minister about a "covert" report over a television report on the asylum seekers in Manus.
The report, put together by an ABC Foreign Correspondent, shows how the reporter clandestinely entered PNG and took pictures of the asylum seekers' detention centre in Manus and also says the PNG Prime Minister may have breached the PNG Constitution by agreeing to take the 364 asylum seekers after a personal plea by the Australian Prime Minister.
As from Monday the 15th of April Air Niugini has had to suspend Dash 8 services to and from Chimbu due to a deteriorating runway and parking surfaces.
The closure will remain indefinite until such time the necessary work is carried out to a satisfactory standard by the Office of Civil Aviation (OCA). OCA will hopefully be able advise the duration of the maintenance.
The world leader of the Lutheran Church has paid his first visit to PNG. Doctor Christian Krause has visited PNG on a four-day mission whilst in the South Pacific. Dr Krause also had time visited Lae.
PNG Education Related Website
- Computer Training -- http://www.workersmutual.com.pg
- Divine Word University -- http://www.dwu.ac.pg
- International Education Agency -- http://www.iea.ac.pg
- Pacific Training Academy -- http://www.pta.com.pg
- PNG Maritime College -- http://www.pngmc.ac.pg
- University of PNG -- http://www.upng.ac.pg
- University of Technology -- http://www.unitech.ac.pg
West Sepik Fire
A fire has gutted the Sandaun provincial treasury office in the early hours of Sunday morning. The provincial police commander has said that they are investigating the cause of the fire but they suspect it is the work of arsonists.
After ten months with extreme power problems it is hoped that Elcom (PNG Power) have been able to fix the problem with one of the generators at Alotau, Milne Bay Province.
Bush Walking / Hiking
If anyone is considering a bush walking / hiking trip to PNG then I suggest a read of the following site "A Papua New Guinea Story" by Ehud Reiter located at http://www.travel-library.com/pacific/papua_new_guinea/trip.reiter.html
The story consists of three parts --
Part 1: On how I spent two days waiting for an airplane in a small "end of the road" town in PNG
Part 2: On how I spent a week in the PNG "cities" of Mt Hagen and Wewak, trying to track down my lost companions
Part 3: On the sad tale of a truly "buggeredup" trek through the PNG Highlands.
You can also take a stroll or walk to Wamira, Milne Bay Province -- http://www.michie.net/pnginfo/wamira.html
As far as I am concerned the best on-line Business Directory about PNG is located at -- -- At this website you can check current exchange rates, PNG airline Schedules, participate in PNG discussion forums as well as a host of other options. The best way to learn about this site is to visit it.
Not far from Kimbe, the provincial capital of West New Britain, is Walindi Plantation Dive Resort. Walindi is situated just ten kilometres from Kimbe on the road to Talasea. Close to the Resort is the Walindi Nature Centre sponsored by the owner of the resort. -- http://www.walindi.com
The Lae Basketball Association is hoping to bid for rights to host the Oceania Confederation Under 22 Basketball games in 2004. The topic was to be discussed at the PNG Basketball Federation annual general meeting held in the Dame Rose Kekedo Hall at Unitech in Lae this weekend (yesterday).
PNG media related sites
- Post Courier Newspaper -- http://www.postcourier.com.pg
- The National Online Newspaper-- http://www.thenational.com.pg
- Chin H Meen (Music) -- http://www.chmsupersound.com
- EM TV (Television) -- http://www.emtv.com.pg
- Hitron (Cable TV) -- http://www.hitron.com.pg
- Pacific View Multimedia http://www.pvm.com.pg
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Articles for this newsletter
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- In Tok Pisin - em tasol
- Buka / Lonahan - tsek se (thanks Vicky)
- Dobu - kaioni - Thanks Lynette
- East New Britain / Kuanua - i tar par -- Thanks Dinah
- English - The end (finish) or that's all
- Madang / Manam Island - Imabu = Jacklyn - Unitech Clinic
- Milne Bay / Gapapaiwa - ikovi (thanks Ed & Catherine McGuckin)
- Milne Bay / Wedau - ikwa (finish) -- Thanks Jean
- Milne Bay / Wedau - lamna ava (that's all) -- Thanks Betty
- Misima - kaioni - Thanks Lynette
- Morobe / Boana / Gaing - Undung hogok = Girina - Elect Eng Dept Unitech
- Morobe / Finschhafen / Kalasa - Moya = Runeo - Mech Eng Dept Unitech
- Morobe / Finschhafen / Kote - Isawa = Julie - Recruitment Unitech
- Morobe / Finschhafen / Yabim - kitum (thanks Liz from ITS)
- Morobe / Kabwum / - zorig = Julie - Recruitment Unitech
- Morobe / Kaiapit / Markham - Insup = Fredah - Registry Dept Unitech
- Morobe / Mumeng / Buang - Maya = Melissa - Habitat Unitech
- Morobe / Nawai / Bukawa - Pandi = Gali - Registry Dept Unitech
- Morobe / Siassi / Mandok Island - isob (thanks Liz from ITS)
- Morobe / Siassi mainland / Kaimanga - imap (thanks Liz from ITS)
- Morobe / Siassi mainland / Kovai - birisi (thanks Liz from ITS)
- Motu - dokona be inai -- Thanks Rex and Daera
- Nalik - tamine nuaa (Thanks MC and Greg Baker)
- Nara / kanawamo -- Thanks Scott
- New Ireland / Tigak - ne lakos (thanks Vicky)
- Rigo / mangam -- Thanks Scott
- Suau - aoini - Thanks Lynette
- Takuu (Mortlock) - tena koi -- Thanks Sione
- West New Britain / Kilenge - apuwa o (thanks Liz from ITS)
- West New Britain / Kove- nei-mau (That's finished) (Hanns)
- Wuvulu - na peluli -- Thanks Eva
- Southern Highlands / Ialibu / Imbonggu - da pora (Thanks Amos)
Some of the above are courtesy of Liz and her friends at the University of Technology in Lae. http://www.unitech.ac.pg
If you can add to this list then please send email to PNG-News@pnggossip.com